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Physics is a basic science to understand, explain and predict natural phenomena, based on fundamental principles.
Especially in recent years, research outcomes from physics research are making significant contributions to the development of cutting-edge technologies and to the understanding of the creation of universe and the origins of life.
In terms of methodology, physics is divided into two main branches, theoretical and experimental physics, which employs mathematical models to explain natural phenomena with unified theory and uses experimental tools to demonstrate physical theory or discover new physical phenomena, respectively.
These two branches are complementary and have a close relation for better understanding physical phenomena.
Also, computational physics emerging as the 3rd branch of physics is the research field to simulates natural phenomena and understand non-linear physical phenomena, which is impossible with analytic methods.
Although physics is extensive study, it is generally classified into four research groups according to their research interest and subjects as follows below.
Theory of relativity about time, space and gravity is one of research outcomes from physics and interdisciplinary research such as astrophysics, geophysics, chemical physics and biophysics serves as the base for the related science (astronomy, geology, chemical and biology), which indicates that the benefit of physics is extremely high.